$100 Internet Enabled LED Message Board

The Raspberry Pi is a lot of fun to play with but I wanted to do something “useful” with it. The obvious solution was of course to connect something fun to it. I have always wanted to have a message board all to my own so I can display my wisdom and entertain my co-workers.

I could of course cough up a bunch of money and buy an assembled message board or just get a miniature “toy” version, but what fun would that be. Instead I decided to order the different components I needed to build my own.

Sure Electronics is a component manufacturer that sells straight from China. They have great prices and decent documentation. There are of course some rough edges on the documentation and demo code. They are not Spark Fun or Ada Fruit, but neither are their prices.

They sell a number of different LED Matrix. The big differences seem to be the number of LEDs, the size of the LEDs and whether they are single color or capable of multiple colors. I went with the smallest LEDs, 3mm, in green. The modules can be connected together in serial and communicate using SPI. You can have a max of 4 modules, so I got 4.

While the Raspberry Pi supports easily outputting SPI, it still takes a bit of work. In order to get going quickly, I also got a Demo Driver board that lets you control the modules using USB.

Here is what I got:

4 – 8 x 32 LED Matrix, 3mm green ( DE-DP13111 )
1 – Demo Driver Board ( DE-DD22111 )

It took about 4 weeks for the hardware to arrive, but I went with the cheapest shipping option. I am happy with the 3mm LED size. I am just setting it up in a hallway and it is easily readable 10feet away. The larger sized LEDs might have actually been worse because it would have been tougher to read the text close up.

The driver board comes with a number of test functions. It takes in 12v, and provides 5v for the LED boards. I luckily had a Radio Shack variable voltage power supply lying around. I hooked up all of the boards to make sure everything works and I didn’t have any problems.

You can also use the driver board to display scrolling messages by connect it to your computer over USB. The program to do this is available for download here. The problem is that it says it is a .zip file when in fact it is a .rar file. I tried renaming and un-rar the file after I saw another similar file on their site… and it worked. To make your life easier, I have correctly zipped it up and uploaded it.

Sure_LED_1.0.zip

Even though it is a Java program, it only seems to work on Windows computers. In order to get a better sense of what it was doing, I ran the .jar file that is include through a decompiler. Here it is:

NewLcd.src.zip

With the knowledge I gained from that I wrote my one version of the program in Linux. It should work on the Mac, but I think you need to have a serial driver loaded. I will put together a follow-up post on how to write programs to communicate with the Driver Board.

Raspberry Pi

I recently got a Raspberry Pi. It is awesome. I am going to use this post to keep track of everything I have done to get it setup.

Config program:

  • Expand filesystem to size of SD card
  • Set locale to EN(us) UTF8
  • Enable SSH

Add proxy to apt-get:

  • sudo su
  • echo 'Acquire::http::Proxy "http://yourproxyaddress:proxyport";' > /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/10proxy

Update & upgrade:

  • apt-get update
  • apt-get upgrade

Emacs:

  • apt-get install emac

Enable system proxy

  • emacs /etc/environment
  • export http_proxy=”http://username:password@host:port/”

I was having trouble SSHing from my Mac and kept getting this error: “Host key verification failed.”

Doing this helped: ssh pi@<ip-address> -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no

WP_List_Table and an Extra Nonce

I am working on a WordPress plugin. For part of it I am adding a Metabox onto the Post Edit screen in the admin section. However things stop working if I add a WP_List_Table. That is because by default the list table adds a _wpnonce field, even though there is already one there for the Edit page.

This of course messes things up and prevents you from saving or updating. Not awesome. The field is output in the display_tablenav() function in the base list_table class. It looks like there has been a fix submitted, lets hope it gets into an upcoming version.

Until then, you can simply override the display_tablenav() function with a blank function or one that provides similar functionality.

Tilestream: Fixing interaction

When I upgrade to a new version of Tilestream / Wax, apparently the method for adding interactivity change. Before I think it pulled some of the info from a JSON file. It can still do this, but my files seemed to include localhost versions of the server. Anyhow, long story short, you need to make sure you specify a template in your TileJSON. To find this, request the TileJSON Tilestream serves up for your made:

http://server/v2/layer_name.json

Now look for the template variable and add it into the TileJSON you define in your javascript file. Mine is:

template: ‘{{#__location__}}{{/__location__}}{{#__teaser__}}{{{name}}} </br>\n{{{address}}}{{/__teaser__}}{{#__full__}}{{{permit_id}}}{{/__full__}}’,

Tilestream: Tiles not found

I just upgraded to a newer version of Tilestream. Unfortunately after doing that, all my maps stopped working. When I went to my Tilestream UI, I was able to see that it was up and it was finding the MBTILE files. When I clicked on info, it became clear that the URL had changed. Instead of having it be server/1.0.0/map it was now server/v2/map.

However after fixing my URLs, it still wasn’t working. Turns out I also needed to switch the mapping scheme from TMS to XYZ in the tilejson. Definitely not a seamless upgrade and I didn’t really see this change documented anywhere. I am still trying to figure out what I need to change to make interactivity work.

http://support.mapbox.com/discussions/tilestream/59-tiles-not-displaying-on-map

In your tilejson object, try changing the scheme to xyz instead of tms and let me know if that fixes the problem.

Installing NodePie on Ubuntu

I was transferring my latest creation over to my hosted Ubuntu server and came across the most annoying error. I had to reinstall the NodePie module because it relies on compiled C code. I kept getting an error though about something called lib-expat.
Anyhow, turns out you need to apt-get a new library:
sudo apt-get install libexpat1-dev

GitHub to the rescue:https://github.com/astro/node-xmpp/issues/33

Transferring from MongoDB to CouchDB

So I wanted to move a larger number of records from MongoDB to CouchDB. Here are the basic steps I took:

  1. I  just wanted a selected number of fields (name, address, longitude, latitude) so I used mongoexport to put it into a JSON Array:
    ./mongoexport -d cookography -c places -f name,address,longitude,latitude -o test.json –jsonArray
  2. Both CouchDB & MongoDB use _ID and MongoExport insists on adding it. However it does it in a way the CouchDB hates so I munge it:
    sed ‘s/_id/id/g’ test.json > tested.json
  3. Now you have to format your JSON Array so you can feed it the the REST interface of CouchDB. First add this to the beginning:
    (echo ‘{“docs”:’; cat tested.json) > output.json
    And then this to the end:
    echo “}” >> output.json
  4. Now send this to REST API for CouchDB:DB=”http://127.0.0.1:5984/places”

    curl -d @output.json -X POST $DB/_bulk_docs  -H “Content-Type: application/json”

a DIV inside a LI

Suppose you want to have a bunches of DIVs contained inside of a List Item… AND you want them to not mess with the height of the List Item and appear as a line of text?

Well then, take this sample HTML:

<li>
<div class="inspection">
<div class="date"><a href="/report/1430/9115/">9-16-2010</a></div>
<div class="inspection-type">License Renewal </div>
<div class="violations">0 Violations</div>
</div>
</li>

And apply this CSS:

.inspection {

overflow: hidden;

vertical-align: middle;

display: inline-block;

}

li {

margin-left: 15px;

list-style-type: disc;

list-style-position: inside;

}